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Here’s looking at you: the anatomy of an eye, from Opticae Thesaurus (1572), German, woodcut.

The father of modern optics could not have succeeded had he not feigned madness.

Viet Cong fighters crossing a river.

A look at the Vietnam War from two contrasting perspectives.

Ayatollah Khomeini greets the crowd at Tehran University after his return from exile in 1979.

Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini became a lightning rod for the mass protests which overthrew the Shah of Iran in 1979, but the causes of the Iranian Revolution lay elsewhere.

Chabi, consort of Qubilai Khan, from the Album of Yuan Empress Portraits, Chinese, 13th century.Chabi, consort of Qubilai Khan, from the Album of Yuan Empress Portraits, Chinese, 13th century.z

Women may be largely absent from traditional accounts of the Mongol conquests, but they played a crucial role in creating the largest of all land empires.

Interior of the passenger car used in Alfred Beach’s subway, 1870.

Problems with public transport are almost as old as New York itself. One proposed solution was nothing but hot air.

Travels Through Time Aanchal Malhotra Remnants of a Separation

In this episode we travel to the summer of 1947 to witness the chaotic, catastrophic sequence of events surrounding Indian independence and the subsequent Partition.

‘Constantine’s Dream’ by Piero della Francesca, from the fresco cycle, the History of the True  Cross, 1459-66, Basilica di San Francesco, Arezzo, Italy.

A mythical turning point in the history of Europe.

Bolshevik (1920) by Boris Kustodiev.

Four historians consider the desirability of profound political change and the methods used to attain it.

Giant’s Causeway, Antrim. According to the Fenian Cycle, Fionn mac Cumhaill, an Irish giant, was challenged to a fight by his Scottish rival Benandonner. Accepting the challenge, he built the causeway so that they could meet.

Mythical tales of giants are rooted in geological realities.

Boniface VIII presiding over the college of cardinals, Italian manuscript, 14th century.

The late-medieval papal chapel was a powerful jewel in the papal tiara.