Philippe Pétain died on 23 July 1951, aged 95.

Richard Cavendish

How Oxbridge monopolised higher education.

William Whyte

Painting by John Collier, "A glass of wine with Caesar Borgia", from left: Cesare Borgia, Lucrezia, Pope Alexander, and a young man holding an empty glass.
Rescuing the Borgias from their baleful reputation

Alexander Lee

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How will modern women respond to the realities of a 16th-century life?

The reasons for the brevity of the Latin presence in the 12th-century Eastern Mediterranean.

Manjirō Nakahama, late 19th century.

A teenager shipwrecked on a Pacific atoll helped transform relations between Japan and the United States.

The Brontë sisters portrayed by Patrick Branwell Brontë, c. 1834.

Since the moment Emily Brontë died we have tried – and failed – to understand who she was. 

'The Polling' (detail), the third in William Hogarth’s four-part series, An Election, 1754.

What electoral rights did Britons have in the century before 1918?

Republican women recite the Rosary outside Dublin’s Mountjoy Prison following the execution of IRA member Thomaas Traynor during the Anglo-Irish War.

Women played a minor role in the Easter Rising of 1916. But they became crucial intelligene agents in the Anglo-Irish War.

A woman swimming in the sea in Margate, Kent, Thomas Rowlandson, c.1800.

For 1,500 years, Western Europe ‘forgot’ how to swim, retreating from the water in terror. The return to swimming is a lesser-known triumph of the Enlightenment.

Monument commemorating the Battle of Naseby.

The dramatic events that shook Britain in the 17th century resonate more strongly than ever, despite attempts to marginalise them.

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Volume 68 Issue 8 August 2018

  • Rising son: the first Japanese man in America
  • Female spies in the Irish War of Independence
  • Who should be allowed to vote?
  • Helmut Schmidt, Germany’s Anglophile Chancellor
  • The enigma of Emily Brontë
  • Italy’s fascist past

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