Volume 67 Issue 2 February 2017

The Rise of the Flesh-Avoiders

Modern vegetarianism is concerned largely with issues of animal welfare but its roots are to be found in the early-modern desire to promote spirituality by curbing humanity’s excessive appetites. 

Executive Order 9066

The decree that led to the internment of Japanese-Americans was passed on 19 February 1942.

Oaths of Strasbourg Sworn

The earliest surviving written evidence of a Romance language, the Oaths of Strasbourg were sworn on February 14th, 842.

The Search for the Northwest Passage

Motivated by power and prestige, Europeans have long sought a route through the Arctic Ocean connecting the Atlantic with the Pacific. Despite many failures, the lure of the frozen north has enjoyed remarkable longevity. 

Through the Fog and Filthy Air

An erudite study of the environmental price paid by the growth of early modern London, which looks to be repeated in present-day Beijing.

Black Money

Attempts to control the spread of bank note forgery in India have proven ineffective and dangerous.