Simon de Montfort and the Origins of Parliament

Just half a century on from Magna Carta, a radical noble, part idealist, part megalomaniac, came into conflict with King John’s son, Henry III. The result, argues Nigel Saul, was a form of assembly which shapes English political life to this day.

Louis IX passes judgement in favour of Henry III at Amiens, January 1265, an idealised representation by Georges Rouget, 1920.

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