Richard Cavendish

Andreas Vesalius. Lithograph by E. Milster after E. J. C. Hamman, 1849. Wellcome Collection.

The Renaissance scientist, known for ‘De Humanis Corporis Fabrica Libri Septem was born on 31 December 1514.

Charles Macintosh. Mezzotint by E. Burton after J. G. Gilbert. Wellcome Collection.

Charles Macintosh, the inventor of rainproof overcoats, was born on 29 December 1766.

Court lecher: Rasputin, 1908

The 'healer' and friend to Tsar Nicholas II was killed on 17 December 1916.

'A Peet at Christie's, or Tally-hop, and his Nimeney-pimmeney Taking the Morning Lounge' by James Gillray, 1796

James Christie first held his eponymous auction on December 5th, 1766.

Crystal Palace, November 30th, 1936

The Victorian masterpiece was burned to the ground on November 29th, 1936. 

Bad reputation: King John’s tomb, Worcester Cathedral.

Aged 48 or 49, the king died at Newark Castle on 19 October 1216.


A family planning clinic opened in New York on 16 October 1916. It lasted only a few days.

Cottage industry: Beatrix Potter at home in the Lake District, 1913.

The author was born on 28 July 1866.

The news pioneer was born on July 21st, 1816.

Funny at first: the cover of the opening issue of Punch

The satirical magazine appeared on July 17th, 1841.