Whose Austria? 996-1996

Gordon Marsden reviews the millennium exhibition that challenges preconceptions about the European nation state.

Worldwide, people are gearing up with thoughts of the coming millennium. But for the people of Austria thousand-year commemorations have been decreed four years early. All through 1996 celebrations have been based upon the fact that on November 1st, 996, the Holy Roman Emperor, Otto III, issued a document – a deed of investment for his vassal in the central Danube, Henry of Babenberg, which contains the earliest extant use of the term 'Ostarrichi' – Old High German for 'Osterreich'. The term 'Austria' had come into being – but what has it meant over this thousand-year period?

To continue reading this article you will need to purchase access to the online archive.

Buy Online Access  Buy Print & Archive Subscription

If you have already purchased access, or are a print & archive subscriber, please ensure you are logged in.

Please email digital@historytoday.com if you have any problems.