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Thomas Jefferson

Engraving from a self-portrait, published in two of her works.

In the 18th century, when women in scholarship were not encouraged and medieval languages were little-studied even by men, Elizabeth Elstob become a pioneer in Anglo-Saxon studies, her work even finding its way into the hands of Thomas Jefferson.

Portrait of Thomas Jefferson by Rembrandt Peale

The third President of the United States had been the first American Minister in Paris; Stuart Andrews describes how, to the end of his life, he was a faithful disciple of the French Enlightenment.

A portrait of Aaron Burr, early 1800s

The Burr Conspiracy, writes Raymond A. Mohl, was an early expression of the spirit of ‘Manifest Destiny’ on the American continent.

Thomas Jefferson

When American Minister in Paris, writes Stuart Andrews, Jefferson was a sympathetic witness of the events of 1789.

Bertha S. Dodge follows the journey of John Ledyard, a captain’s son from Connecticut, who helped to explore the Pacific and travelled across the Russian Empire.

Ross Watson describes how Jefferson came to English shores on public business, but travelled widely, and made many purchases.

Arnold Whitridge, the Polish solider, reached Philadelphia in 1776, fought throughout the War, but returned to Poland in 1784.

Arnold Whitridge recounts how, at the dawn of the 19th century, General Bonaparte sold to the United States the vast Bourbon heritage along the banks of the Mississippi, which is now the American Middle West.

For sixteen years a Congressman and Senator, John Randolph was the most gifted conservative spokesman of the American South. Russell Kirk charts his singular career.

Mark Bryant looks at the lampooning of two hugely unpopular measures imposed during the administrations of two of the United States’ most distinguished presidents.