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India

River scene with a nobleman, shrine and travellers, watercolour, India, c.1760.

The chance survival of a ‘postbag’ of letters reveals a lost world of merchants, pilgrims, bankers and scholars.

The foundations of modern India were laid by the British governor-general, Warren Hastings. But he paid a heavy personal price.

A map of the Jain universe.

Laws against religious offence in India have altered the writing and understanding of the nation’s past.

British India in 1880

An extensively researched, hard-hitting reassessment of British rule in India pulls no punches, but does not tell the whole story. 

Company painting depicting an official of the East India Company, c. 1760

A persuasively argued but one-sided account of the economic and political failings of British rule in India.

Nardendra Modi in 2014.

Attempts to control the spread of bank note forgery in India have proven ineffective and dangerous.

Hindu pilgrims wash in the Ganges, c.1940

Long before the recent rise in Islamophobia, distrust of Hinduism was rife among Britain’s ruling class.

In the 18th century, the Muslim warlord Tipu Sultan terrorised Hindu southern India and clashed repeatedly with the British. Today, his legacy is contested, but he was far from the nationalist that some have claimed, writes Zareer Masani.

Painting of the Rajah of Sarawak in 1847 by Francis Grant

The first White Rajah of Sarawak was born on April 29th, 1803.