The Jacobite Diaspora 1688-1746: From Despair to Integration

The refugee supporters of the House of Stuart, explains Bruce Lehman, made new lives for themselves as Europeans, achieving success as bankers, merchants, soldiers, churchmen and diplomats.

The Latin word 'Jacobus' means James: the term Jacobite recalls the cause of James VII and II, who was driven from the thrones of England, Scotland and Ireland by his Dutch son-in-law William of Orange between 1688 and 1690. However, the story in the Bible in Genesis , Chapter XXVII, where Jacob deceives his father Isaac into giving him a blessing meant for Jacob's brother Esau, was also part of the emotional loading of the term 'Jacobite' to mean 'imposter', as well as 'supporter of the exiled Stuarts'.

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