Bruce Lenman

The East India Company and the Emperor Aurangzeb

'Trade follows the flag' is a truism of imperial expansion but in the 1680s it was the other way round, as East India Company entrepreneurs made an ambitious and abortive attempt to challenge the might of the Moghul empire.

Crime and Control in Scotland 1500-1800

Scotland was a much more disciplined society in the years before the Industrial Revolution than has usually been supported, as Lenman and Parker, the authors of the first of these two articles on 'Crime in Britain 1500-1800' show.