When Did the Medieval Period End?

As conventional wisdom has it, Europe began to see the light at the end of a dark age sometime around 1500. Four experts try to date the birth of modernity.

“Two Minstrels” Stained Glass
‘The medieval persists’: stained glass depicting two minstrels c.1885, attributed to James Egan, a former employee of William Morris. Art Institute of Chicago.

‘Humanist scholars certainly thought themselves to be living in a new age’

Bridget Heal, Professor of Early Modern History at the University of St Andrews

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