History Today


A warning is ignored and a city falls in El Greco’s lurid depiction.

Was German Unification Inevitable?

In January 1871 Bismarck declared the German nation united. Following a tragic 20th century, Germany reunified once more in 1990. Four historians offer their perspectives on both events.

Father Figure

A 17th-century depiction of Joseph and Jesus marks a shift in the status of the nuclear family.