Wedged between Russia, Prussia and Austria, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth faced extinction in the 18th century.
Illustrated picture books in Victorian England reached new aesthetic heights. But was it always for the benefit of the children?
The medieval approach to emergency planning may offer lessons for the 21st century.
In uniting the peoples of Wessex and Mercia, the celebrated king left an ideological legacy of lasting importance.
For wealthy tourists travelling to the Middle East in the 19th century, the services of a dragoman were an essential purchase. Yet the often difficult lives of these local agents and guides remain elusive.
Robert Burton’s encyclopedic curiosity The Anatomy of Melancholy continues to offer remarkable insights into mental health.
The moral authority Britain gained during the First World War was undermined by the behaviour of the Crown Forces during the Irish War of Independence.
Revolutionary soldier or tyrannical emperor? The question is as pertinent now as when Bonaparte died in exile on remote Saint Helena in 1821.
In the aftermath of the Reformation, the authority of the pope depended ever more upon the will of the people.
Indigenous peoples in the West of the United States continued to be held in bondage long after the abolition of plantation slavery in the South.