Feature

‘March of the Women on Versailles, Paris, 5 October 1789’, 18th-century engraving © Bridgeman Images

Liberalism became the dominant ideology of the West when it was adopted by Britain and the United States. But its roots lie elsewhere.

Charles de Gaulle and Philippe Leclerc during the Liberation of Paris, 1944 © Getty Images

A proud, pious aristocrat, loyal to General de Gaulle, Philippe Leclerc found a kindred soul among Britain’s wartime elite.

Obverse side of a medal commemorating the Peterloo Massacre, 19th century © Timothy Millett Collection/Bridgeman Images

It is the 200th anniversary of the Peterloo Massacre. How have the events of that day been remembered?

Portraits in the Characters of the Muses in the Temple of Apollo, by Richard Samuel (1778) © National Portrait Gallery, London

Although not allowed to study at university, women in 18th-century England still found ways to join – and challenge – the scholarly world.

Ottoman troops advance towards the army of Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia at the Battle of Mohacs, 1526 © Bridgeman Images

The military elite of the Muslim world was comprised of men who had been captured and forced into service. But to what extent were they subject to slavery?

The Singapore flagged Norman Atlantic after an Iranian attack, on approach to the Strait  of Hormuz, 6 December 1987 © Norbert Schiller/AFP/Getty Images

The Strait of Hormuz has become a fraught passage in the Tanker Wars between Iran and Iraq.

Hindus burn the bodies  of co-religionists who have died of starvation,  at Calcutta’s Myrone Memorial, 1943 © William Vandivert/LIFE/Getty Images

Starvation and disease killed millions in British India during the Second World War. Why?

Lucius Cary, 2nd Viscount Falkland, by Anthony Van Dyck, 1641. Collection of the Duke of Devonshire, Chatsworth House, Derbyshire/Bridgeman Images

In an age of political and religious division that ended in Civil War, Lucius Cary and his circle at Great Tew offered a space for debate and compromise.

Women (and child) at a Ku Klux Klan mass-initiation ceremony, Atlanta, Georgia,  18 June 1949 © Getty Images

The role of women in the Ku Klux Klan is often neglected, but they were key players at all levels.

Margaret Thatcher and Conservative  Party Chairman Cecil Parkinson, celebrating the Conservative election victory, 9 June 1983 © Getty Images

Assessing Margaret Thatcher’s premiership: a radical decade and a divisive legacy.