War in Paradise

Jonathan Phillips explains how Damascus, ‘Paradise of the Orient’ and a spiritual home for Muslims, became a major battleground of the Second Crusade.

The Dome of the Treasury in the Umayyad Mosque, Damascus, was built in 789. Photo by Roberta F.

Damascus is the Paradise of the Orient ... the seal of the lands of Islam and the bride of the cities we have observed ... By Allah, they spoke truth who said: ‘If Paradise is on the Earth then Damascus without doubt is in it. If it is in the sky, then it vies with it and shares its glory.’

To continue reading this article you will need to purchase access to the online archive.

Buy Online Access  Buy Print & Archive Subscription

If you have already purchased access, or are a print & archive subscriber, please ensure you are logged in.

Please email digital@historytoday.com if you have any problems.