The Nuclear Taboo

The need to preserve alliances was a compelling reason not to use nuclear weapons in Vietnam.

Kut Losses

Two imperial ventures, in the same Middle East town a century apart, reveal the similarities – and differences – in the exercise of power.

Who Were the Mamluks?

The slave-warriors of medieval Islam overthrew their masters, defeated the Mongols and the Crusaders and established a dynasty that lasted 300 years.

Fighting for the Enemy

European powers sought to colonise the world. They could not do so without the support of indigenous peoples.