Volume 61 Issue 3 March 2011

The death-obsessed and inward-looking Aztec civilisation sowed the seeds of its own destruction, argues Tim Stanley.

Richard Cavendish marks the anniversary of this great emperor's accession, on March 7th, AD 161.

Medieval historian Nicholas Orme believes that the teaching of history in Britain’s universities is better now than it has ever been.

A peace conference held in Holland in 1899 in fact ended by rewriting the laws of war, says Geoffrey Best.

The Spectator was first published on March 1st, 1711. 

The Mamelukes were massacred in Cairo on March 1st, 1811.

The Spectator was first published on March 1st, 1711. 

The Mamelukes were massacred in Cairo on March 1st, 1811.

Though it is immersed in the theological ideas of the Middle Ages, the cosmology of Dante’s Divine Comedy is sophisticated, sceptical and tolerant, argues James Burge.

A groundbreaking project that points the way to the future of the discipline was recognised at our annual celebration of excellence in history.

Berlusconi is a product of the country's incomplete unification, argues Alexander Lee.

Natasha McEnroe on the reopening of a fascinating but little-known collection.

Sarah Wise highlights a campaign to save a humble treasure.

Roger Moorhouse revisits a perceptive article by John Erickson on the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union, first published in History Today in 2001, its insights born of a brief period of Russian openness.

As China reclaims its central role in the world, Robert Bickers appeals to Britons and others in the West to take account of the legacy left by the country’s difficult 19th century.

On a research trip to Moscow in the late 1990s, Deborah Kaple was given a package of papers by a former Gulag official who believed its contents would be of great interest to a western audience.

Hugh Thomas tells Paul Lay about his unparalleled research into the lives of the extraordinary generation of men who conquered the New World for Golden Age Spain.

Despite their mutual loathing and suspicion, James I and his parliaments needed one another, as Andrew Thrush explains. The alternative, ultimately, was civil war.

What was it like to grow up in Nazi Germany in a family quietly opposed to National Socialism? Giles Milton describes one boy’s experience.

While industrialists in Manchester were busily engaged in developing the factory system, investors in London were applying its principles to the capital’s old pubs. The result was a coldly efficient business model. Jessica Warner explains how it worked and why it failed.