Volume 52 Issue 12 December 2002

On 14 December 1702, a band of samurai avenged the death of their master.

George Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, became Prime Minister on December 19th, 1852.

George Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, became Prime Minister on December 19th, 1852.

Borgia thwarted a plot by his own men on December 31st, 1502.

Pamela Pilbeam celebrates the bicentenary of the arrival of Madame Tussaud's waxworks in Britain.

David Welch looks at the dramatisation of Führerprinzip in the Nazi cinema, and how history films were used to propagate themes of anti-parliamentarianism and the concept of an individual leader of genius.

Roland Quinault discusses Gladstone’s view of the Second Afghan War both in opposition and during his premiership.

Howard Baker explains how the chance convergence of two vessels produced tragedy and disaster.

Devra Davis looks at the London Smog disaster of 1952-53.

Luke McKernan introduces the British Universities Newsreel Database, together with plans for its development.

Joan Perkin discusses the impact on women’s lives of the advent of the sewing machine.

Gavin Menzies explains how a life as a submarine commander gave rise to the revolutionary notion that Europeans were not the first to sail round the globe.

Kevin Manton regrets the political decision to remove direct democratic control over education a hundred years ago.

John M.D. Pohl reviews recent scholarship about the empire swept away by Cortes.

As a new channel dedicated to history opens up in the UK, Tom Stearn excoriates current fashion and points the way to a more historical past on TV.

Andrew Barclay marks the 300th anniversary of the death of William III.

Conrad Russell looks at the perks and pitfalls of public office-holding in Elizabethan and Jacobean England.