Issue 35 December 1999

Mark Robson has been using new textbook on Mussolini's Italy with his students.

Jennifer Loach (whose work has been edited by George Bernard and Penry Williams) goes back to the original sources to show that, despite his image as a pious sickly child, Edward VI was very much his father's son.

Edgar Feuchtwanger examines the controversial issue of change and continuity in the foreign policies of the Weimar Republic and Nazi Germany.

Peter Furtado reports on the anxieties voiced at a recent Historical Association conference.

Sean McGlynn puts the present-day European Union into historical perspective.

If you want to know the time, argues Robert Poole, you should ask an historian.

Cressida Trew, winner of this year's Julia Wood Essay Prize, shows that Polish historians under political duress and with the need to forge a positive national identity have denied rather than confronted the Holocaust. 

Rhoads Murphey helps us to distinguish between the legendary and the real in the legacy of a great empire-builder.

Was Britain's reputation as the champion of Italian independence really warranted? Giuseppe Garibaldi was undoubtedly popular with Britons, but Peter Clements is sceptical.

Essays are no longer the be-all and end-all of history assessment; but the ability to write a good essay is still vital. Robert Pearce gives some advice.