The Woman Behind the Kindertransport

Female volunteers such as Marie Schmolka played a decisive role in the collaborative project to rescue beleaguered Jewish children.

Marie Schmolka’s identity card.There are few more encouraging stories for the British than that of the Kindertransports, the scheme to rescue Jewish children from Central Europe in the days leading up to the Second World War. It positions Britain on the side of justice in opposition to the Holocaust and affirms a positive national identity. It is a powerful story: the rescued were children, the innocents of impending war. The figure of a lonely male hero, the British stockbroker Nicholas Winton, remembered as the organiser of the Kindertransports, has been sacralised. This popular perception, however, has meant that Winton’s activities among volunteer refugee helpers has been taken out of context. A more accurate account would show that he, with others, organised the Kindertransports because, amid the xenophobic atmosphere of 1930s’ Britain, adult refugees were regarded as dangerous.

To read this article in full you need to be either a print + archive subscriber, or else have purchased access to the online archive.

If you are already a subscriber, please ensure you are logged in. 

Buy Subscription | Buy Online Access | Log In

If you are logged in and still cannot read the article, please email

Get Miscellanies, our free weekly long read, in your inbox every week