The United States of Greece

The urge to create a Greek nation state goes back millennia. Its success depended on a shared notion of ‘Greekness’ across widespread city states. 

Reception of King Otto of Greece in Athens, 23 May 1833, by Peter von Hess, 1839The Ancient Greeks recognised that they were kin who shared a culture, yet their history is often one of internecine wars. Why did they not allow their acknowledged kinship to dictate a more peaceful form of co-existence? At the same time, there is an undeniable trend over the course of Greek history towards unity, especially in the form of federalism. Was this deliberate, in the sense that unity was seen as a desirable goal by the Greeks themselves, or was it a historical accident?

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