The Norman Conquest brought French kings, language and culture across the Channel. What did that mean for medieval England?
Steven Runciman’s profile of Richard the Lionheart, written at a time of impending crisis in Anglo-Cypriot relations, offers a nuanced and sensitive portrait, writes Minoo Dinshaw.
J.J.N. McGurk describes how Gerald’s later years were filled with his excellent books on Wales and his unsuccessful struggle for a bishopric.
St George only gained popularity in England in the 15th century and Richard the Lionheart had nothing to do with it.
Richard the Lionheart was born in Oxford on 8 September 1157.
Described by John Ruskin as “the most beautiful sacerdotal figure known to me in history,” the heroic bishop triumphantly upheld his office against two proud and strong-willed English sovereigns.
Sir Steven Runciman profiles a fabled Englishman, concerned with the political and military relationships between East and West.
What made for a good king in the Middle Ages? John Gillingham argues the case for Richard the Lionheart