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The Most Ruinous Allied Policy of the Second World War

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Thomas Fleming's comments on the many calls for 'unconditional surrender'.

From January 14th to 24th, 1943, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill met in the sunny resort of Anfa, a collection of luxurious villas around a hotel some three miles south of Casablanca. On the last day, reporters gathered in the courtyard of Roosevelt’s villa to hear the two leaders sum up the historic conclave. A beaming FDR declared that the allies had reached ‘complete agreement’ on the future conduct of the war. He and the prime minister, Roosevelt continued, had also hammered out a policy that would guarantee both victory and a peaceful world for generations to come – ‘the unconditional surrender of Germany, Italy and Japan’.


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