Volume 73 Issue 5 May 2023

The Water of Life

Paris was flooded with Eau de Cologne during the early years of Napoleon’s rule. Everyone was using it and everyone was selling it.

The Balkans: Doomed to Disunity?

Often treated as a footnote of European history, the future of the Balkans became a hot topic at the end of the Ottoman Empire. Was Europe’s ‘Little Orient’ destined to fall apart?  

Churchill Off Record

Once the war was won, Winston Churchill had two preoccupations: preserving his place in posterity and making lots of money. If they could be achieved at the same time, so much the better. 

Warsaw in Flames

The story of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising is typically one of defiance and bravery against the odds. But what of those unable to fight?

The King Who Wasn't There

Belief in Prester John, a lost Christian king ruling over a distant kingdom, gripped medieval Europe for half a millennium. Once seen as a saviour, he would become an adversary.

Against the Odds

The Battle of the Springs of Cresson marked the beginning of the end for the Kingdom of Jerusalem.

The Trail of Tears

The Indian Removal Act was signed into law by President Andrew Jackson on 28 May 1830, forcing the migration of five Native American nations from their homelands.

On the Spot: Chris Wickham

Which person in history would I most like to have met? Karl Marx. You’d have to know the right questions to ask, though.