Volume 32 Issue 2 February 1982

Churchill's Indian Summer

An inspiring leader during the dark days of war, Winston Churchill was losing popularity with the Conservative defeat of the post war years. But despite growing pressure from his cabinet colleagues Churchill chose his own time to relinquish the office of Prime Minister.

Jury Vetting in the Seventeenth Century

Juries are generally believed to be the collective voice of free-born Englishmen, but in the aftermath of Civil War the system was at the centre of debate about the effective governance of England.

Maiden Castle

Maiden Castle, an enormous earthwork two miles from Dorchester, Dorset, dominates the local landscape. The hill-top site, explains William Seymour, shows traces of occupation for three-and-a-half thousand years, and was the scene of a major, much publicised excavation by Mortimer Wheeler in the 1930s.

The Andaman Islands

From 1858 until 1945, explains Frances Stewart, the Andaman Islands served as a penal colony for the British Empire. The islands were also valued for their good natural harbours. During the Second World War the Andamans were captured by the Japanese.

Constantine Phaulkon: The Greek Dictator of Siam

Constantine Gerakis, c 1648-88, better known as Phaulkon, was an exemplar of Europe's burgeoning influence in Asia in the seventeenth century. He played the role of intermediary between the representatives of the European powers and King Narai of Siam with great success, argues Robert Bruce, but paid for eventual failure with his life.