Paul Dukes

The problem with counterfactualism

As interesting as counterfactualism may be, we must be careful with its use. Paul Dukes warns against placing undue reliance on what might happen at the expense of what did.  

Two Great Nations: 1815-50

During the first half of the nineteenth century, as Tocqueville perceptively remarked, Russia and the United States had grown to nationhood almost unnoticed. ‘The world learned of their existence and their greatness at almost the same time’. By Paul Dukes.

The Rise and Fall of the Big Three

Paul Dukes assesses the roles of the major statesmen from Britain, the USA and the USSR during the Second World War and the onset of the Cold War.

Secret Classrooms

Paul Dukes reviews a study of the Joint Services School for Linguists, set up during the Cold War to aid UK intelligence operations.