The Third French Republic 1871-1914

Alan Farmer shows how the Republic survived the threat from the Right before the First World War.

The Right

There is not enough space to get bogged down in a definition of 'right'. In general, in the 1870-1914 period, it favoured strong government, from a monarch or popular president. It tended to support, and had the support of, the Catholic Church. It was also nationalistic. Many of its adherents were men of wealth and social position but its support extended to all levels of society. It had been in power almost continuously between 1815 and 1870.

Democratic Weakness

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