Imbued, with the militant spirit of the Counter Reformation, a sixteenth-century Prince Bishop, Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau, set out to re-build Salzburg as a Second Rome, as Tudor Edwards here describes.

It has been pointed out again and again that, thanks to the Turk, Baroque came to Vienna late and lingered long. After Vienna, Salzburg was the second great centre of architectural development in Austria during this period. Here, too, court patronage was the decisive impulse, but it was not the patronage of the Imperial Court but of the independent Prince-Archbishops, aristocrats of the Holy Roman Empire. Salzburg was thus one of the very few cities north of the Alps in which Bishops automatically became princes and feudal lords, in which a long line of rulers, unrelated by blood, held both the temporal and spiritual welfare of their subjects.

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