South America

Ehecatl (left) and Mictlantecuhtli with 20 calendar day signs,  Codex Borgia, c.1450, Apostolic Library, Vatican City © Bridgeman Images.

An ‘almanac of destiny’ predicts the fortunes of the harvest.

The Calchaquí Valleys, Argentina. Guy Christian/Alamy.

An Indigenous rebellion in colonial Argentina foreshadowed later risings – and resonates to this day.

Salvador Allende, Senator of Chile’s Socialist Party, at a solidarity rally for the  Cuban revolution, 1962 © Getty Images

Latin America conjures up images of constant political turmoil, powered by endless revolutions. But this is misleading.

José Luis Bustamante y Rivero, c.1940s

The rise and fall of José Luis Bustamante’s left-wing presidency.

Marching through the Atacama during the War of the Pacific, one Chilean general opined that his troops had fought ‘more against the desert than against men’. For those soldiers, the desert became a hell on earth.

Like a herald of lost Atlantis, Gregor MacGregor arrived in 19th-century London with news of a Central American utopia. Unfortunately, Poyais didn’t exist and its would-be emigrants found only a ‘sinister coast of disillusion’.

If Bolivia is so rich, why is it so poor? 

The coverage of a disaster in Chile revealed religious divisions among the world’s press.

Ralegh's fateful attempt to discover El Dorado began on March 17th, 1617.

The Battle of Chacabuco by Pedro Subercaseux, 19th century. © Bridgeman Images

A major conflict in the Chilean War of Independence was fought on 12 February 1817.