Germany

The East German Uprising of 1953 was the first major revolt to take place in the Soviet Bloc.

West German Chancellor, Konrad Adenauer, makes his farewell speech before resigning from office on 15 October 1963, with Willy Brandt, Chancellor...
In the summer before starting university, I sat through a German grammar course led by a Frau Junker. She split up the days into rigorous sections...

In the interwar period, France and Germany worked towards an integrated Europe.  

Looking beyond the usual rogues’ gallery of historical figures can help us to better understand the past.

Lyndal Roper’s superb new biography of Martin Luther sums her subject up beautifully: Luther is, she notes, a ‘difficult hero’. The German monk who...
Tim Blanning offers a telling comparison at the beginning of this magisterial and insightful new biography. In 16th-century Brandenburg, the...

The popularity of Goethe’s novel, The Sorrows of Young Werther, was blamed for a spate of suicides. It set a trend for manufactured outrage that is with us still.

Recent overviews of the Enlightenment have been pitched as correctives and as having contemporary currency. Ours is a time, so the story goes, in...
The German physicist Max Planck published a ground-breaking paper in 1900 on thermal radiation and ‘unknowingly sparked the quantum revolution’...