Volume 51 Issue 7 July 2001

America's "motor city" was founded on 24 July 1701.

Philippe Pétain died on 23 July 1951, aged 95.

Robert Curthose invaded England on July 21st, 1101.

Robert Curthose invaded England on July 21st, 1101.

Stuart Leibiger looks at one of the most significant relationships behind the politics that produced the American Constitution.

Philip de Souza considers the impact of piracy on Roman economic and political life

Bamber Gascoigne tells how he overcame his aversion to history and took on the whole world as his subject

Penny Young reviews the painstaking recreation of an ancient Syrian monastery.

Hitler's biographer talks to Daniel Snowman.

Alastair Dunn reviews the afterlife of an English rebel.

John Erickson reviews the recent controversies surrounding Hitler's invasion of the Soviet Union.

Margarette Lincoln and Nigel Rigby look forward to Maritime History Week in July.

David Hey looks at what our surnames can tell us about our origins.

Richard Wilson and Alan Mackley examine the practical aspects of constructing a stately pile in the period 1660 to 1880.

Robert Bud looks at the background to the major conference and displays at the Science Museum.

Michael Williams continues our series on History and the Environment by considering how long humans have been making ever-growing inroads into forests.