Volume 47 Issue 11 November 1997

Richard Evans tells the little-known story of how 19th-century Germany attempted to solve its prison problems by secretly sending felons to the United States as immigrants.

Janis Wilton records the stories of 19th-century Chinese immigrants and their descendants, and explores their relationship with ‘White Australia’.

Kenneth Baker on poetry inspired by nations warring between themselves.

Max Beloff reviews a fresh account of de Gaulle and the Free French movement.

November 4th, 1847

Ian Fitzgerald describes the maiden flight of the 'Spruce Goose', the largest seaplane ever built, on November 2nd, 1947.

‘There was such a generall sighing and groning, and weeping, and the like hath not beene seene or knowne in the memorie of man’ words that conjure up recent scenes of national mourning for another royal icon, Diana, Princess of Wales. Jennifer Woodward turns back to the early 17th century to see how visual images of the death of Elizabeth I played a key role in her funeral and in creating the ensuing cult of Gloriana.

It was like a page from the Arabian Nights. Aladdin’s lamp had been rubbed and suddenly from the dry, brown bare desert had appeared paintings, not just one nor a panel nor a wall, but a whole building of scene after scene, all drawn from the Old Testament in a way never dreamed of before.’

Gavin Weightman finds historical precedents for Britain’s response to the death of Diana, Princess of Wales.

The artist was born in London on November 10th, 1697.

Joshua Kleinfeld explores Lincoln’s attitudes towards the constitution and civil liberty during the Civil War, and finds their impact still reverberating in the US today.