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Volume 39 Issue 3 March 1989

On the 50th anniversary of the end of Spanish Civil War, Michael Alpert chronicles the ebb and flow of battle between Republican and Nationalists.

Peter J. Ucko looks at the strengths and weaknesses of archaeological methods and interpretations.

Simon Barclay on the archaeological discovery of a Charles II artillery fort

Divided, outmanned and lacking international support – Paul Heywood argues the wonder was not that the Republic lost to Franco, but that it held out for so long.

Longevity, not magnanimity, was the hallmark of the victorious Franco. Paul Preston reviews the legacies of the Civil War in the Spain the General ruled for nearly forty years.

'Sweet' Polly Oliver went to war to be with her lover, but there were many women for whom military life was an end in itself. Julie Wheelwright uncovers the career of one woman whose ambition was amply fulfilled.

Dick Wilson explores the enigma of the Chinese Communist leader and premier.

Objective memoirs or economy with the truth? Michael Jones sifts for an assessment through a courtier's recollections of power politics in fifteenth-century Europe.

Ann Hills recounts the development proposals on an American Civil War battlefield site