Issue 65 December 2009

Russell Tarr sees similarities but also important contrasts in the foreign policies of Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy

John Spiller surveys race relations in the United States during Reconstruction and constructs a balance sheet.

Emily Parton asks a key question about Italian unification, in the winning entry of History Review magazine's 2009 Julia Wood Award.

Simon Lemieux examines examples of German Protestant propaganda.

Nick Smart scrutinises Chamberlain's foreign policy and the historiography of appeasement.

Patrick Williams provides us with the results of the latest research on the Armada

Alan Sharp takes a fresh look at the statesmen responsible for the Treaty of Versailles

Graham Goodlad examines the controverisal reputation of Napoleon Bonaparte as a military commander.

Lindsay Pollick shares her experiences and her enthusiasm.