Issue 39 March 2001

Robert Hole shows how important historical context is for an understanding of the most significant document in American history.

The Ottoman Empire from Abraham Ortelius' atlas, 1570. Everett Collection Historical / Alamy Stock Photo

Geoffrey Woodward assesses how great an impact the Turks had on sixteenth-century Europe.

Michael Morrogh explains why Gladstone took up the cause of Irish home rule and why his policies failed so tragically.

Mary Gould gives her tips for success.

John Claydon charts a course across the complex minefield of Nazi historiography.

Andrew Robinson enjoys contradicting the image too many people have of the medieval period.

David Dutton analyses Austen Chamberlain's impact on British foreign policy, and European affairs, between the wars.

Edgar Feuchtwanger assesses Bismarck's controversial career and legacy.