Issue 22 September 1995

Omer Bartov asks how the armies of lords and kings became the forces of peoples and nations.

Peter Riddick looks at the way oral history can add another perspective to our understanding of situations and events.

Lois Banner looks at coded messages of gender, sexuality and domination that preceded baggy trousers.

T.C.W. Blanning argues that royalty in France undermined itself through mismanagement, despotism and sleaze.

Richard Wilkinson wonders why historians have accepted the Cardinal's extravagant assessment of himself.

The Madness of King George

Walter Makin gives two cheers for a sample of the popular Access to History series. 

Matthew Christmas praises the best history of warfare he has found.  

Graham Darby looks at why things happen, and argues that short-term causes are paramount.  

We eavesdrop on Ian Dawson as he interrogates the sources and wonders whether the first Tudor was really so mysterious.