Graham Greene: Our Man in Liberia

The author Graham Greene journeyed to West Africa in 1935, ostensibly to write a travel book. But, claims Tim Butcher, it was a cover for a spy mission on behalf of the British anti-slavery movement which was investigating allegations that Liberia, a state born as a refuge for freed US slaves, was guilty of enslaving its own people.

A map of Liberia, from the 1936 edition of Graham Greene's Journey Without Maps.On a grey January morning in 1935 a steamship of the Elder Dempster line left Liverpool on its standard shuttle service to the west coast of Africa. It was appropriately named – given who was on board – SS David Livingstone, after the missionary, medic, explorer and anti-slavery campaigner whose 19th-century treks through southern and central Africa did much to open up what was then still viewed as the Dark Continent. The ship’s manifest recorded its seven passengers as predominantly the sort one would expect to find on a ship serving British colonial interests. There was a doctor, a shipping agent, an accountant, an engineer and a dutiful wife going out to join her colonial officer husband. There was also a man atypical among camp followers of empire. His address was logged as 9 Woodstock Close, Oxford and his age as 30.

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