History Today subscription

Oliver Cromwell

Rise and fall: Cromwell Dissolving the Long Parliament, by Benjamin West (1782).

The English republic was brought down by the same forces that brought it to power.

Cutting humour: a Victorian greetings card in the shape of a cake, c.1880.

A lack of historical knowledge is easily exploited in the fractious world of social media.

Scene from The Pantomime of Oliver Cromwell, 19th century

Behind the serious face of the Lord Protector lay a man with a taste for terrible puns, pillow fights and unseemly practical jokes. 

The uppermost skeletons in the larger of the two mass graves, at the north-east side of the site. The person at the centre was laid on his right side on top of another individual. Credit Richard Annis/Durham University

Remains found at Durham University shed new light on Oliver Cromwell's victory at the Battle of Dunbar.

The Pourtraiture of His Royal Highness, Oliver, 1659.

The attraction of the Cromwell Association lies in the lack of reverence it attaches to its subject.

Henry Ireton

The arguments that took place in the village of Putney among the officers and soldiers of the New Model Army revealed fundamental divisions within the parliamentary forces.

J.F. Battick and N.C. Klimavicz describe a parliamentary dispute over Cromwell’s statue.

Why do modern Britons still find it so hard to acknowledge their revolutionary past?

As interest in the Protector grows, the axe hangs over his former school.

During the Reformation, writes Christine King, Tudor agents demolished many venerated shrines, and made great use of the frauds and trickeries that they claimed to have detected.