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Explore all our articles on European history by using the interactive map above, or scroll further down the page to see a chronological list.

The Editor's Choice below is free to read, but any article marked with the lock symbol requires access to our online archive

EDITOR'S CHOICE

Geoffrey Parker considers the far-reaching consequences of a sudden change of plan by the king of Spain in 1567.

Lindsay Pollick reviews changing interpretations.

Issue: 66 2010

Twenty years on from the fall of the Berlin Wall Martin Evans introduces a short series looking at changing attitudes to history in the former Communist states.

Volume: 59 Issue 9 2009

With the trial of the former Bosnian Serb President Radovan Karadzic due to begin, Nick Hawton reflects on his time reporting in a region where history is still used to justify war.

Volume: 59 Issue: 8 2009

Did the first Christian Roman emperor appropriate the pagan festival of Saturnalia to celebrate the birth of Christ? Matt Salusbury weighs the evidence.

Volume: 59 Issue: 12 2009

Mark Bryant profiles the brilliant wartime cartoonist who chronicled the actions of Italy’s Fascist leader.

Volume: 59 Issue 10 2009

Robert Pearce examines the career of Mussolini’s forerunner

Issue: 64 2009

A subject and servant of Europe’s most cosmopolitan empire, the composer Joseph Haydn played an important role in the emergence of German cultural nationalism during the 18th and 19th centuries, writes Tim Blanning.

Volume: 59 Issue: 5 2009

The legendary ruler of Pontus and creator of a formidable Black Sea empire was, until recently, one of the most celebrated figures of the Classical world, a hero of opera, drama and poetry. Adrienne Mayor, author of a new study of the ‘Poison King’, explains why.

Volume: 59 Issue: 12 2009

Graham Goodlad examines the controverisal reputation of Napoleon Bonaparte as a military commander.

Issue: 65 2009

December 14th, 1809

Volume: 59 Issue: 12 2009

More than two decades ago, Adam Zamoyski wrote a history of the Poles and their culture. As a major revision of the work is published, he reflects on the nation’s change in fortune.

Volume: 59 Issue: 5 2009

The German army’s training, discipline and Blitzkrieg tactics – directed by the supremely confident Führer – swept away Polish resistance in 1939. It took the shell-shocked Allies another three years to catch up, writes Andrew Roberts.

Volume: 59 Issue 9 2009

John Etty questions whether Serb nationalism was an irresistible force that helped unleash the First World War.

Issue: 63 2009

Richard Overy examines recent analyses of how Europe became embroiled in major conflict just two decades after the trauma of the Great War and we look at events and broadcasts commemorating September 1939. 

Volume: 59 Issue 9 2009

Simon Lemieux provides an overview of 16th-century Catholicism, focusing on the key issues often selected by examiners.

Issue: 63 2009

In 1759, Admiral Hawke secured a daring victory over the French fleet at Quiberon Bay. It surpasses Nelson’s triumph at Trafalgar in its significance, claims Brian James.

Volume: 59 Issue: 12 2009

Alan Sharp takes a fresh look at the statesmen responsible for the Treaty of Versailles

Issue: 65 2009

In the 13th century a remarkable trading block was formed in northern Europe. Stephen Halliday explains how the Hanseatic League prospered for 300 years before the rise of the nation state led to its dissolution.

Volume: 59 Issue: 7 2009

Russell Tarr sees similarities but also important contrasts in the foreign policies of Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy

Issue: 65 2009

Emily Parton asks a key question about Italian unification, in the winning entry of History Review magazine's 2009 Julia Wood Award.

Issue: 65 2009
Historical facts about the Druids are few, yet this very lack of tangible evidence has allowed their image to be reworked and appropriated by the English, Irish, Scots and Welsh for over 500 years. Ronald Hutton examines the modern history of an ancient order.
Volume: 59 Issue: 5 2009

Chaplin's coffin was stolen from a Swiss cemetery on March 2nd, 1978.

Volume: 58 Issue: 3 2008
Gabriel Ronay revisits the story of a Crown Prince’s suicide pact with his mistress and finds the evidence clearly pointing to murder. 
2008

The founder of the Carthusian Order died on October 6th, 1101.

Volume: 51 Issue: 10 2008

Rowena Hammal explains why the United Provinces enjoyed a ‘Golden Age’ in the first half of the Seventeenth Century.

Issue: 62 2008

Tony Chafer examines the paradoxes and complexities that underlie belated recognition of the contribution of African soldiers to the liberation of France in 1944.

Volume: 58 Issue: 11 2008

Michael Mullett introduces the life and work of a remarkable Protestant leader.

Issue: 60 2008

Richard Wilkinson recreates the contest that marked, and marred, the British war effort in 1914-18.

Issue: 61 2008

Mark Rathbone asks why the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia emerged in the 1850s as the likely unifier of Italy.

Issue: 62 2008

Reconciliation is not following in the wake of the search for truth about the past in one fomer Warsaw Pact country, Colin Graham reports.

Volume: 58 Issue: 11 2008

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