Bernard Lewis writes that the fall of Constantinople in was no “victory of barbarism, but rather of another and not undistinguished civilization.”
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Matthew Stewart traces the roots of the Greco-Turkish war of 1921-22, and the consequent refugee crisis, to the postwar settlements of 1919-20.
Jonathan Phillips sees one of the most notorious events in European history as a typical ‘clash of cultures’.
Roman Golicz looks at English attitudes to Russia during the Eastern Crisis of 1870-78.
Philip Mansel explores the City of the Sultans from 1453 onwards, and finds it characterised by a vibrant multi-culturalism until the Ottoman demise of 1922.
Judith Herrin tells the dramatic story of the final moments of Byzantine control of the imperial capital.
Geoffrey Woodward assesses how great an impact the Turks had on sixteenth-century Europe.
Archaeologists in Turkey believe they could have unearthed some of the remains of the Great Palace of the Byzantine Empire which ruled much of the known world for nearly a thousand years from the heart of Constantinople.
Tony Lentin gives an upgraded assessment of Russia's empress 200 years after her death.
Philip Mansel looks at interchange and intrigue in the cross-currents of 18th-century culture between East and West.
Penny Young on Turkey's equivalent to Hadrian's Wall
John Crossland looks at the impact of statesman and soldier Kemal Ataturk, the founder of modern Turkey.
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