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English Civil War

1642-48 Armed conflict between the forces of the English Parliament and those of King Charles I caused by a complex of political, economic, religious and social problems. The policies of both... read more

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Martyn Bennett examines how the terminology we use about the great conflict of the mid-seventeenth century reflects and reinforces the interpretations we make.

In this edited version of a lecture given on 25 March 1999, to commemorate the anniversary of Cromwell's birth, John Morrill provides us with a series of snapshots, at different ages, of the troubled visionary who aspired to lead a new chosen people out of the bondage of Stuart tyranny.

Issue: 34 1999

Oliver Cromwell was born on April 25th, 1599. Richard Cavendish charts his early life until his election as a member of parliament for Huntingdon in 1628.

Volume: 49 Issue: 4 1999

John Morrill re-examines a stormy period of religious history.

Issue: 30 1998

John Adamson argues that the importance of the Celtic fringe in the events of the 1640s has been exaggerated.

Volume: 48 Issue: 11 1998

Sean Kelsey reconsiders the events of January 1649 and argues the trial was skilfully appropriated by rump politicians in paving the way for the new Commonwealth.

Volume: 49 Issue: 1 1998

Barry Coward grapples with a question which has become more difficult to answer as a result of recent scholarship. He finds the answer lies in the New Model Army, in religious passion and in Charles himself.

Issue: 32 1998

Joad Raymond on a previously unpublished insight into the personality and projection of 'Lord Oliver' during Britain's unique 1650s experience.

Volume: 47 Issue: 7 1997

Richard Wilkinson argues that Cromwell had what it took to rule Britain but failed to achieve his own idealistic programme.

Issue: 27 1997

Ivan Roots applies the 'new British' perspective to the 1650s.

Issue: 29 1997

On a cold January morning in 1649 Charles I stepped out onto a scaffold in Whitehall and into history, seen by some as a tyrant, by others as a martyr. But how far was the intellectual climate of mid-17th-century England ready for the republic that followed? Sarah Barber presents the latest thinking.

Volume: 46 Issue: 1 1996

Using evidence from contemporary culture, Richard Cust reassesses the Stuart monarch's political style.

Issue: 23 1995

The way in which the church commemoration of King Charles I's 1649 execution became a potent instrument in the political war of words after the Restoration is examined, and the history of the king's execution and the clergy's promotion of the event are discussed.

Volume: 45 Issue: 2 1995

Graham Seel uncovers their pivotal and sometimes underhand role in the struggle between king and parliament.

Issue: 25 1995

'Tis to be feared this threatening storm will not be allayed without some showers... of blood' – Chris Durston chronicles the rumours and fears of an England on the brink of fratricidal conflict.

Volume: 42 Issue: 6 1992

Anne Laurence considers how the conflict between King and Parliament altered the occupations and preoccupations of England's women.

Volume: 42 Issue: 6 1992

Richard Cavendish looks at all things Stuart in the month when Charles I lost his head.

Volume: 42 Issue: 1 1991

Barbara Donagan discusses the variable treatment of captives by captors between Crown and Parliament and what light it sheds on the manners and mores of the times.

Volume: 41 Issue: 3 1991

The campaign to preserve the Battle of Naseby site in Northamptonshire, a pivotal moment in the English Civil War.

Volume: 39 Issue: 4 1989
Richard Cavendish visits an organisation dedicated to preserving the memory of Oliver Cromwell.
Volume: 38 Issue: 12 1988

Chris Durston records how the monstrous and the supernatural were seized on by political and religious factions in seventeenth century England as signs of judgment.

Volume: 37 Issue: 10 1987

Civil War in England brought destruction and damage in town and country far more akin to continental warfare than has often been supposed.

Volume: 36 Issue: 8 1986

Conrad Russell finds that it is easier to understand why sheer frustration may have driven Charles to fight than to understand why the English gentry might have wanted to make a revolution against him.

Volume: 34 Issue: 6 1984

1982 marks the tercentenary of the death of Prince Rupert, the most brilliant of Charles I's generals. As Hugh Trevor-Roper here documents, he was single-minded in his chosen craft of war, but Rupert was never able to grasp the complexities of the contemporary situation.

Volume: 32 Issue: 3 1982

John Morrill examines the historiography of the English Civil Wars.

Volume: 32 Issue: 9 1982

J. H. M. Salmon looks at Romantic literary interpretations of Oliver Cromwell.

Volume: 30 Issue: 3 1980

Ivan Roots on the brief reign of Richard Cromwell.

Volume: 30 Issue: 3 1980

Clarendon’s great ‘History’ was composed largely in exile and published after his death. Hugh Trevor-Roper discusses how the historian had originally intended this great work to be private political advice to the King.

Volume: 29 Issue: 2 1979

The author of the History of My Own Time was both a keen churchman and a compulsive writer. Mary Delorme describes how Burnet's style, whether graphic, humorous or pompous, was usually as free and expansive as the historian himself.

Volume: 29 Issue: 9 1979

C.V. Wedgwood analyses the life, death, and influence of Thomas Wentworth, first earl of Strafford.

Volume: 29 Issue: 11 1979

York was in the heart of Royalist country at the beginning of the English Civil War. William Thurlow describes how it became the King’s capital.

Volume: 27 Issue: 8 1977

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