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Period of English history associated with the reign of Elizabeth I (1558-1603). The period was, on the whole, marked by peace and prosperity. English literature and theatre flourished with authors... read more

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The idea of a female monarch was met with hostility in medieval England; in the 12th century Matilda’s claim to the throne had led to a long and bitter civil war. But the death of Edward VI in...

Susan Doran looks at what it meant to be a female monarch in a male world and how the Queen responded to the challenges.

Volume: 53 Issue: 5 2003

A timeline of dates pertaining to the Tudor queen.

Volume: 53 Issue: 5 2003

The Nine Days' Queen was pronounced monarch on July 10th, 1553.

Volume: 53 Issue: 7 2003

The speech, which Elizabeth I gave in the Palace of Whitehall on November 30th, 1601, was know at once, and ever afterwards, as Queen Elizabeth's Golden Speech.

Volume: 51 Issue: 11 2001

William Rubinstein continues his survey of topics of enduring popular debate by examining the controversy surrounding the true identity of England's famous bard.

Volume: 51 Issue: 8 2001

As the second Elizabethan age closes in disillusionment, Penry Williams reconsiders whether the first deserved the same fate.

Issue: 30 1998
Why did Goering and Goebbels fall out over a performance of Richard III? Gerwin Strobl on this and other intriguing reasons why the Bard mattered to the Third Reich.
Volume: 47 Issue: 5 1997

John Bossy has painstakingly reconstructed from clues and evidence, a hitherto untold story of intellectual intrigue, spying and double-cross in Elizabethan England. In the 1580s, during the most tense period of the cold war between Elizabeth I's Protestant England and Philip II's Catholic Spain, an Italian philosopher and intellectual lived quietly in London as a lodger with the French ambassador, writing among other things, about Copernicus' new theory of the universe. But men of letters may not be always what they seem...

Volume: 41 Issue: 9 1991

Pious nobleman or calculating humbug - what is the true characterisation of Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester? Simon Adams sifts the motives for the patronage given to some of Elizabeth's sternest religious critics by her favourite courtier.

Volume: 40 Issue: 1 1990

In the first of two articles looking at civil servants in Tudor and Stuart England, Roger Ashley uncovers the story of William Painter and the creative accounting which he employed as a clerk in one of Elizabeth's major spending departments

Volume: 40 Issue: 11 1990

Ian Seymour looks at the involvement of Elizabeth I's astrologer in matters of state, and his diplomatic intrigues on the Continent on the eve of the Armada.

Volume: 39 Issue: 1 1989

400 years ago this May, Spain's great Armada set sail, bent on the invasion and conquest of Elizabethan England. Simon Adams re-examines the strategic considerations that underpinned the actions of both England and Spain before and after the Armada.

Volume: 38 Issue: 5 1988

What was it really like to live in an English village at the end of Queen Elizabeth's reign? To what extent was it a close-knit community? How deeply was it divided by wealth and religious belief? Was the village even an important part of the identity of its members? Susan Amussen addresses these questions in one village in East Anglia.

Volume: 36 Issue: 4 1986

'In the beginning, America was in the way'. Only slowly did 16th-century Englishmen turn from the chimera of a short-cut to Asia's riches to the vision of precious metals to be mined and colonies planted in the New World.

Volume: 36 Issue: 7 1986

Christopher Haigh outlines the historiography of the reign of the first Elizabeth.

Volume: 35 Issue: 8 1985

Protestant, martyr and anti-Catholic icon, prodigy of Renaissance learning, model evangelical schoolgirl, star-crossed lover, Hollywood heroine? Frank Prochaska examines the changing images History has given the nine-day Queen of 1553.

Volume: 35 Issue: 10 1985
Volume: 34 Issue: 10 1984

The epic voyage of this Elizabethan adventurer to Peru and his subsequent capture by its Spanish masters inspired Charles Kingsley's Westward Ho! An article by A.L. Rowse. 

Volume: 30 Issue: 6 1980

Geoffrey Parker asserts that the enduring English view of Philip “the Prudent” is clouded by libellous sectarianism and bad history.

Volume: 29 Issue: 12 1979

Tracked down to a ‘hut in the cavern of a rock’, writes J.J.N. McGurk, Desmond met his death at the hands of fellow Irishmen.

Volume: 29 Issue: 10 1979

Alan Haynes describes how, in 1567, permission for the holding of ‘a very rich Lottery General’ was granted by English government.

Volume: 29 Issue: 9 1979

Francis J. Bremer introduces a true Renaissance man; Thomas Hariot, man of action and ideas.

Volume: 29 Issue: 10 1979

At the end of the sixteenth century, writes David N. Durant, an ostentatious but simple-minded German Duke began pestering Queen Elizabeth to grant him the noblest of all English Orders.

Volume: 28 Issue: 10 1978

Susan C. Shapiro describes how a struggle for women’s liberation began about 1580 and continued in Jacobean years.


Helena Snakenborg came to London in the train of a visiting Swedish Princess. Appointed a Maid of Honour to Queen Elizabeth, writes Gunnar Sjögren, she married twice and lived in England for seventy years.

Volume: 28 Issue: 9 1978

An elaborate hierarchy maintained the royal household of Elizabeth I, writes Alan Haynes, but there was much pilfering and graft among the purveyors of domestic goods.

Volume: 28 Issue: 11 1978

Alan Haynes describes how Italian scholars, merchants and craftsmen were welcomed in Elizabethan London and enjoyed high patronage.

Volume: 27 Issue: 8 1977

L.W. Cowie takes a visit to the last of the great Elizabethan and Jacobean mansions of London, that once looked south across the Thames and survived until 1874.

Volume: 27 Issue: 2 1977

D.E. Moss introduces a Cambridge scholar who was tutor to Princess Elizabeth, an observant traveller in Germany and the author of books on archery and education.

Volume: 27 Issue: 10 1977

The failure of the Plot, writes Cyril Hamshere, forms a complex story of espionage and counter-espionage; its events caused Elizabeth I to give up all ideas of restoring Mary Queen of Scots to the Scottish throne.

Volume: 26 Issue: 1 1976

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