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Volume 56 Issue 11 November 2006

The Second World War formally ended on May 8th, 1945. Here, Adam Tooze examines the events in Germany that ignited the Second World War. Did Hitler intend to provoke a general war over Poland in September 1939?

Philip Mould is an art dealer, author and broadcaster specializing in the discovery of lost antique portraiture. This month he opens a major gallery in Dover Street, London.

Peter Furtado reviews a complex documentary on the 21st-century Austrians who live in a town formerly home to a Nazi concentration camp.

Segregation on buses in Alabama officially ended on November 13th, 1956.

The astronomer was born on November 8th 1656.

Richard Cavendish remembers the events of November 2nd, 1906.

History does not reveal the identity of the masked executioner who severed Charles I’s head from his body, or of his assistant who held it up to the waiting crowd. Geoffrey Robertson QC re-examines the evidence.

Cartoon historian Mark Bryant looks at the career of the Dutch cartoonist whose searing indictment of German atrocities in the First World War won him plaudits from governments on two continents.

Robert W. Thurston looks at the politics of demonology and rethinks attitudes to witches and women between 1400 and 1700.

A.J. Stockwell looks at the political fallout of the Suez crisis, both at home and more widely in its effect on the British Empire.

Timothy Benson, whose new book explores how the Suez Crisis was viewed in the world’s press and by cartoonists in particular, here tells the story of a tumultuous year.

James Exelby unearths the activities of a forgotten British spy whose documents and memoir provide a fascinating insight into the circumstances surrounding the British occupation of Egypt.

Steve Morewood looks at the rise and fall of British dominance of the Suez Canal in the years 1882 to 1954.

Andrew Cook looks at the mysterious career of a man notorious for selling seats in the House of Lords.

Jonathan Conlin asks what the National Gallery has meant to the cultural and civic life of Britain since its foundation in 1824.

Did Hitler intend to provoke a general war over Poland in September 1939 or was it a serious miscalculation? Adam Tooze examines the views of leading historians before offering his own, new, interpretation of the decisions and events in Germany that ignited the Second World War.

Eamon Duffy tells how a careful study of surviving medieval Books of Hours can tell us much about the spiritual and temporal life of their owners and much more besides.

The history of our times has witnessed violence on an unimaginable scale. George Kassimeris reflects on the age-old horrors of warfare and struggles to find reasons for what leads men to perpetrate inexplicable acts of brutality.

Graham Gendall Norton takes us on a magical mystery tour of the world of historical tourism.

Paul Wilkinson unearths a Roman bath house with possible religious uses in Kent.

Peter Barber, Head of Map Collections at the British Library, finds his way round ‘London: A Life in Maps’ a new exhibition opening at the British Library on November 24th.

Charles Stephenson introduces a plan for chemical warfare in the Napoleonic navy, devised by Thomas Cochrane, Lord Dundonald, the model for Patrick O’Brien’s Jack Aubrey.

In recent years Hallowe’en has become a major popular festival, with children everywhere dressed as ghosts, devils and witches.

Macmillan. xxxv + 300 pp  £20
ISBN 1 4050 3289 6

My great-uncle, Kenneth Freeman, was a brilliant classicist.