Volume 56 Issue 1 January 2006

Ben Power takes a tour of the London Library, an invaluable resource for historians and History Today, and describes plans for a sensitive expansion beginning this year.

David Culbert visits an exhibition at the Allied (Alliierten) Museum in the former headquarters of the US occupation forces in Berlin.

Editor Peter Furtado welcomes readers to the start of a new year with History Today.

Brian Winston looks back at some of the ways in which history has been presented on the screen, and sees the documentary based on archival footage as intrinsic to its success.

Stephen Cooper describes how John Hawkwood, a tanner’s son from Essex, became a mercenary in late fourteenth-century Italy, and after his death acquired a reputation as a first-class general and as a model of chivalry.

Roger Macdonald’s article Behind the Iron Mask published in our November 2005 issue raised a number of questions. Here he answers some of them, and reveals more extraordinary facts.

Lynn McDonald describes the lasting impact of Florence Nightingale on improving public health for the poor.

Cartoon historian Mark Bryant examines the origins of caricature itself, and the ambivalent attitude to it of the man whose name has become synonymous with the emergence of the art in Britain.

Simon Kitson explores the prevalence of spying for and against the Nazis in southern France after the German invasion.

Film historian Thomas Doherty does some detective work on a mystery from the 1930s, when the Hollywood studios had to deal with the upsurge of racism in Hitler’s Germany.

Geologist and historian Roger Osborne wants to know just what people mean when they use the ‘C’ word.

The prodigious composer was born in Salzburg on January 27th, 1756.

Comments from our readers on current articles and topics.

History Today and the Grierson Trust have together awarded their annual historical film prize to the powerful BBC series Auschwitz: The Nazis and the ‘Final Solution’. Juliet Gardiner explains why; and on the following pages two historians of the documentary and feature film industries reveal aspects of their subjects.

Confusion between English and British history goes back a long way, as Alan MacColl reveals.

The first result of the Liberal Party landslide was reported on January 12th, 1906, with a Liberal victory in Ipswich.

Historian June Purvis gives her very personal reflections on attending the ceremonies on HMS Victory on Trafalgar Day 2005.

Having already resigned the sovereignty of the Netherlands in 1555, Charles V resigned Spain on January 16th, 1556.

Gavin Schaffer argues that the British have always been ambivalent in their attitude towards refugees, especially at times of war.

Jim Downs finds that the reasons the Federal government was slow to respond to Hurricane Katrina are rooted in the South’s racial and economic history, and wonders if the catastrophe may lead at last to genuine Reconstruction.