Volume 54 Issue 7 July 2004

Andrew Chugg pinpoints the Emperor’s long-lost tomb.

Richard English argues that historians have a practical and constructive role to play in today’s Ulster.

Valentine Fallan offers a new look at a once-derided source for the Norman Conquest.

The Scottish king fought Malcolm Canmore on July 27th, 1054.

Michael Leech visits the city that is celebrating the anniversary of the marriage of Mary Tudor and the future Philip II of Spain, 450 years ago this month.

The Republican Party was founded on July 6th, 1854.

Peter Furtado introduces the July 2004 issue of History Today.

Alexander Wilkinson considers what the French made of the controversial royal who played a pivotal role in the French wars of religion, both as Queen of Scots and Queen of France.

Alan Ereira, producer of many broadcast historical documentaries and presenter of a new series on the Kings and Queens of England for UKTV History, explains why history is important, despite all doubts.

Matthew Stewart traces the roots of the Greco-Turkish war of 1921-22, and the consequent refugee crisis, to the postwar settlements of 1919-20.

Geoff Quilley shows how the work of Hodges, official artist on Cook’s second voyage and subject of a major exhibition opening this month at the National Maritime Museum, sheds light on perceptions of the British Empire.

B.J. Copeland and Diane Proudfoot recall the contribution to the war effort in 1939-45 of the British computer scientist.

David Bates introduces the summer’s major historical conference.

Paul Cartledge goes in search of the elusive personality of the world’s greatest hero.

Museum director Duncan Robinson reintroduces the famous Cambridge museum that has undergone some major developments in recent months.

Robert Hume investigates the first major railway disaster in Britain, which took the lives of over thirty people in a collision in North Wales.

Daniel Snowman meets the celebrated telly-don and historian of 17th-century Holland, 18th-century France and America, all of British history and much else besides.

The world's longest railway was completed on July 21st, 1904.

  • Susie Steinbach, Women in England 1760-1914: a social history (Weidenfeld and Nicolson 2004)
  • Joanna Martin, Wives and Daughters: Women and Children in the Georgian Country House (Hambledon and London 2004)

On January 2nd, 1863, Hannah Cullwick, a working-class domestic servant, wrote in her diary a detailed account of her long and physically demanding day.