Volume 51 Issue 11 November 2001

Christopher Haigh reflects on the life and work of the great Tudor historian, who died in July.

Richard Overy argues that the lesson Hitler Drew from 1914-18 was not that a major war should be avoided, but that Germany should prepare more systematically so that, next time, she would win.

David Hockney explains how a question about some Ingres drawings led to a whole new theory of Western Art

Paul Preston looks at the continued interest in the 1930s conflict, the subject of a new exhibition at the Imperial War Museum.

Martin Roberts regrets lost opportunities in the recent reform of A-level syllabuses

The first Christian missionary to the country, Francis Xavier, departed from Japan on November 21st, 1551, having made perhaps some 2,000 converts.

In the second article in the Picturing History series, Sander Gilman reflects on images of the First World War and the photographs of Alan Cohen.

Isabel de Madariaga looks at the personality and achievement of the controversial Empress of Russia.

John Beckett investigates the thorny, and sometimes illogical, issue of what makes a City.

Richard Wilkinson considers the character and standing of the much-despised Nazi Foreign Minister.

Jason Edwards takes a fresh look at attitudes to the nude in Victorian art, to coincide with Tate Britain's major exhibition on the subject opening this month.

Mark Goldie reveals some vivid insights into London life before and during the Glorious Revolution, from a little-known contemporary of Pepys.

The queen gave her last speech to Parliament on November 30th, 1601.

Martyn Housden tries to unravel what Hitler really meant when he talked about living space for the German people.

Kate Greenaway, 'the uncrowned queen of the golden age of children's book illustration', died of cancer, aged fifty-four, on November 6th, 1901.

Tom Griffiths continues our series on History and the Environment, travelling into the longue durée of the Australian past.

Paul Brassley puts MAFF's policy towards Foot and Mouth Disease into historical perspective.

Peter Furtado places the events of September 11th, 2001 in historical context.