Volume 49 Issue 11 November 1999

Robert I. Burns and Paul E. Chevedden describe how a much-besieged citadel became the focus for Christian-Muslim co-existence in medieval Spain.

Jonathan Riley Smith reports as Malta celebrates the anniversary of its Sovereign Military Order

The pretender to the English throne was hanged on November 23rd, 1499

Jad Adams weighs the evidence for Kitchener's rumoured homosexuality.

Hugh Purcell argues that the increasing popularity and sophistication of television and radio history makes broadcasting the boom medium for learning about the past.

Penny Young explores Bethlehem’s plans to make the small town of Judaea central to the millennium celebrations.

Dutch sovereignty was transferred to the United States of Indonesia on November 2nd, 1949.

Christine Counsell robustly defends the teaching of history in secondary schools, arguing that press attacks on ‘trendy’ teaching are ill-informed and out-of-date.

The editor of the Evening Standard reflects on the romantic roots of his interest in history.

Napoleon Bonaparte took power in France on November 9th/10th 1799.

Ron Clough shows how the arrival of the railway in Japan helped break down suspicion of foreigners and ushered in the country’s modern industrial expertise.

Robert D. Storch argues that the state of policing before Peel was not always as bad as the reformers liked to claim.

The exhibition 'Faces of the Century', at the National Portrait Gallery, presents the 100 choices of ten leading figures from British politics, art, music, business and media that represent Britain in the 20th century.

David Rooney describes the extraordinary exploits of Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck, the German soldier who kept the Allies tied down in Africa throughout the Great War.