Volume 48 Issue 7 July 1998

Penny Young reveals the recent archaeological finds on the Gaza Strip.

Roger Hennessy tells of a hundred years of investigation, imagination and speculation about life on Mars.

A 19th-century French novelist’s vision of the future included not just television, air transport and women in the workplace, but also biological warfare and population crises. Robert Hendrick examines the predictions of Albert Robida.

Richard Cavendish remembers the opening of the 'Austerity Olympics', July 29th, 1948

The social, sexual and demonic power of women was an important theme in the popular print of Germany and the Low Countries in the 16th century, as Julia Nurse shows.

‘There’s no discouragement...Shall make him once relent...His first avowed intent... To be a pilgrim.’  Women, however, endured vexations of their own as Diana Webb outlines.

Charlotte Crow explores a new interactive museum devoted to the First World War.

Richard Cavendish marks the anniversary of an important victory for the Habsburg empire, on July 25th, 1848.

Chris Wrigley, President of the Historical Association, tells of the new campaign to make history freely available to all who wish to study it.

Jean Wilson recounts the fascinating tale behind the stone pillar erected by Anne Clifford, Countess of Pembroke, on a roadside in Cumbria.

When in 1681 pirate Bartholomew Sharpe captured a Spanish ship and with it a detailed description of the west coast of the Americas, he gave English cartographers a field day and won himself an unexpected acquittal. James Kelly explains.

In 1898 a French expedition struggled from the mouth of the Congo to southern Sudan, only to have their plans thwarted by the British. Sarah Searight revisits the Fashoda incident.

Charles Webster reflects on the achievements and shortcomings of fifty years of the National Health Service.

Richard Vinen questions whether the recently convicted Maurice Papon was charged with the correct crime.

The first chancellor of the German Empire died on July 30th, 1898, aged 83.