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Volume 47 Issue 3 March 1997

To be a pilgrim - a choice that led not to contemplation but to holy war in the climate of 11th century Europe. Marcus Bull asks why.

Pope Urban II launched the First Crusade, which lasted from 1096 to 1099. Jonathan Phillips examines the origins and motives of the first Crusaders.

The French king and contemporary of Henry VIII died on March 31st, 1547.

David Nash on how Victorian arguments about design in the universe echo in science-theology debates today.

Brian Holden Reid glimpses the dilemmas of 'Southern Man' at Robert E. Lee's house in Arlington, Virginia.

Richard Cavendish on the life of the writer and connoisseur.

Sexual improprieties and rows between religious orders - not 1990s scandal sheet headlines about the Catholic Church, but a tale from 13th-century Spain, unravelled here by Peter Linehan.

Paul Doolan looks at the continuing controversy over Dutch 'police operations' post-1945 in Indonesia.

Ann Hills takes a look at the development of tourism in former Communist countries.

Nigel Saul sets the scene for our major new series on the crusades of the eleventh century.

Michael Leech commemorates the 1,000th birthday of Gdansk.

Ian Fitzgerald takes a look at virtual reality history sites.

Catherine Horwood looks at how the launch of Good Housekeeping in the UK 75 years ago heralded a new image of domestic activity.

Richard Cavendish explores the circumstances surrounding the election of Tommaso Parentucelli as Pope, on March 6th, 1447.

Andrew Roberts defends Britain's war hero against his detractors, in our Longman/History Today Awards Lecture.