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Roman Empire

From 27 BC Rome and its territories were ruled by a series of emperors, beginning with Augustus. By the 2nd century AD the empire covered about 13 million square kilometers (5 million square miles... read more

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Philip de Souza considers the impact of piracy on Roman economic and political life

James Romm tells the story of Agrippina the Younger, mother, sister, wife and lover and part of the Roman elite, who sought to escape the restrictions imposed on her sex.

Volume: 64 Issue: 4 2014

Christopher Smith revels in reappraisals of both Augustus 2,000 years after his death and of Cleopatra, the so-nearly queen of Rome.

Volume: 64 Issue: 2 2014

The River Nile and a thirst for commerce and land led the armies of Rome deep into Africa. Raoul McLaughlin investigates.

Volume: 64 Issue: 6 2014

The North African country is considering how best to serve its rich heritage.

Volume: 64 Issue: 9 2014

The city burned on July 18th, AD 64.

Volume: 64 Issue: 7 2014

Did the story of a stolen Roman ring provide the basis for one of the 20th century’s most popular works of fiction? Mark Horton and Lynn Forest-Hill tell the story of the archaeological dig which  fuelled the fantasies of J.R.R. Tolkien.

Volume: 64 Issue: 1 2014

T.P. Wiseman looks at how Roman republican ideals and the struggle between optimates and populares shaped the lives and legacies of the Roman imperator, Augustus, and his designated successor, Tiberius.

Volume: 64 Issue: 8 2014

The elites of ancient Rome transformed the nature of hunting.

Volume: 64 Issue: 2 2014

A new online resource opens up possibilities for interpreting the infrastructure of the Roman world, says Jasmine Pui.

Volume: 63 Issue: 2 2013

Erich B. Anderson describes the fortunate alliance between Julius Caesar and a Roman knight and mercenary, Publius Sittius, who helped the dictator defeat his enemies in Africa once and for all.

Volume: 63 Issue: 9 2013

Hent Kalmo considers the roots of sovereignty and the changing basis determining the authority of a state to govern itself or another state at the expense of local or individual liberties.

Volume: 63 Issue: 1 2013

The future emperor was born on August 31st, AD 12.

Volume: 62 Issue: 8 2012

The battle of the Milvian Bridge in October 312 has attained legendary status as the moment when the Emperor Constantine secured the future of Christianity in Europe. But the real turning point, argues Michael Mulryan, took place a few months earlier.

Volume: 62 Issue: 11 2012

The Emperor Constantine won a great victory on October 28th, 312.

Volume: 62 Issue: 10 2012

Richard Cavendish remembers the death of Emperor Septimus Severus on February 4th, 211.

Volume: 61 Issue: 2 2011

The discovery of a letter written by the great physician sheds new light on one of the most dramatic events in Roman history, as Raoul McLaughlin explains.

Volume: 61 Issue: 9 2011

Richard Cavendish marks the anniversary of this great emperor's accession, on March 8th, AD161.

Volume: 61 Issue: 3 2011

Ann Natanson reports on a new scheme to restore the Roman Colosseum to its former gory glory.

Volume: 61 Issue: 10 2011

A series of archaeological discoveries off the coast of Sicily reveal how Rome turned a piece of lethal naval technology pioneered by its enemy, Carthage, to its own advantage, explains Ann Natanson.

Volume: 61 Issue: 8 2011

Christopher B. Krebs considers Irene Coltman Brown’s article on the ambivalent and ironic Roman historian Tacitus, first published in History Today in 1981.

Volume: 61 Issue: 9 2011

The Aeneid, Virgil’s epic Latin poem, offers as profound an insight into the current Libyan crisis as any 24-hour news channel, argues Robert Zaretsky.

Volume: 61 Issue: 6 2011

Little remains of the great North African empire that was Rome's most formidable enemy, because, as Richard Miles explains, only its complete annihilation could satisfy its younger rival.

Volume: 60 Issue: 2 2010

At the height of the Roman Empire, hundreds of merchant ships left Egypt every year to voyage through the Red Sea into the Indian Ocean, exchanging the produce of the Mediterranean for exotic eastern commodities. Raoul McLaughlin traces their pioneering journeys. 

Volume: 60 Issue: 8 2010

Richard Cavendish remembers the event that signalled the beginning of the end of the Western Roman empire 

Volume: 60 Issue: 8 2010

Did the first Christian Roman emperor appropriate the pagan festival of Saturnalia to celebrate the birth of Christ? Matt Salusbury weighs the evidence.

Volume: 59 Issue: 12 2009

As the Roman Empire declined its leaders became interested more in personal survival than good governance. Sound familiar? Adrian Goldsworthy draws comparisons with current crises.

Volume: 59 Issue: 5 2009

John Haywood explains why the tactics adopted by the Gallic leader Vercingetorix to resist Julius Caesar’s conquest of Gaul played into Roman hands.

Volume: 59 Issue 9 2009

Anthea Gerrie explores a remarkable excavation, a Roman surgeon’s house in Rimini.

Volume: 58 Issue: 2 2008

Charles Freeman visits the Eternal City, and finds the Castel Sant’Angelo, home to emperors and popes, to be the clue to unravelling its fabulously rich and complex history.

Volume: 57 Issue: 1 2007

China and Rome were the two great economic superpowers of the Ancient World. Yet their empires were separated by thousands of miles of inhospitable terrain, dramatically reducing the opportunities for direct communication. Raoul McLaughlin investigates.


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