The story of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising is typically one of defiance and bravery against the odds. But what of those unable to fight?
A panoramic portrait of Józef Piłsudski, the man who ‘towers over modern Poland’.
In the decades before the First World War, Polish mountaineering became a form of nationalism for a lowland people.
Wedged between Russia, Prussia and Austria, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth faced extinction in the 18th century.
A new law exposes the problematic nature of Holocaust remembrance.
After early service in Poland, writes Adam Zamoyski, Sulkowski joined the French Army of Italy and in 1798 met a gallant death in Egypt.
In 1772 partition had been declared imperative as the only means of saving Poland from anarchy; twenty-one years later, she was punished with partition for having tried to set her house in order. Here was tragic mockery indeed, writes L.R. Lewitter.
Adam Zamoyski describes how the Poles under German occupation were experts in subversion.
Except for the decades between the First and Second World Wars, the Polish people, since the end of the eighteenth century, have always been subjected to some form of foreign domination. Thrice Poland was partitioned by aggressive neighbouring sovereigns, and her promising renaissance after 1772 came to nothing. L.R. Lewitter queries the factors that have determined Poland's tragic destiny.
George Woodcock introduces the great rival of Marx and the founder of organised anarchism.